Kamis, 21 Juli 2011

Perbedaan Profil Lipid Pada Peserta Senam Jantung Sehat

Etisa Adi Murbawani(1), Darmono SS(2), Hertanto Wahyu Subagyo(2)
Background: Sports or regular physical activities have roles in preventing coronary cardiac disease. Healthy cardiac exercise is one of an aerobic exercises which has complete composition, which are warming up, main exercise , and cooling down. Sports can give best result if it is done at least three times a week. Objective of this study was to determine blood lipid profile differences in healthy cardiac exercise which had been done three times a week and once a week. Covariate factors are sex, fat, carbohydrate, calcium, and fiber intake, other physical activities, BMI, life style, and sport obedience.
Methods: This study was observational design. Samples in this study are members of healthy cardiac club in Mugas, Paraga Wonodri, and Kini Jaya, Semarang. Samples were selected with Consecutive Sampling technique and data was analyzed by t test. GLM (General Linear Multivariate ) was used to find out lipid profile difference between two groups with covariate factors. Data were Analyzed by data procesing software.
Result: There is no significant difference between two groups in mean energy intake (ρ=0,74), protein (ρ=0,06), fat (ρ=0,43), calcium (ρ=0,39), fiber (ρ=0,09) and cholesterol (ρ=0,24). And there is no significant difference in total cholesterol level (ρ=0,54), HDL (ρ=0,05), LDL (ρ=0,32) and triglyceride (ρ=0,77) either after including covariate factors.
Conclusion: There is no difference of blood lipid level between three times a week exercise group and once a week exercise group with considering some influenced factors.
Keyword: Total cholesterol, HDL, LDL, Triglyceride, Healthy cardiac exercise.

1.     Alumnus Magister Gizi Masyarakat, Universitas Diponegoro.
2.     Fakultas Kedokteran/Magister Gizi Masyarakat, Universitas Diponegoro